Kubernetes 201

扩展应用

通过修改Deployment中副本的数量(replicas),可以动态扩展或收缩应用:

scale

这些自动扩展的容器会自动加入到service中,而收缩回收的容器也会自动从service中删除。

$ kubectl scale --replicas=3 deployment/nginx-app
$ kubectl get deploy
NAME        DESIRED   CURRENT   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
nginx-app   3         3         3            3           10m

滚动升级

滚动升级(Rolling Update)通过逐个容器替代升级的方式来实现无中断的服务升级:

kubectl rolling-update frontend-v1 frontend-v2 --image=image:v2

update1

update2

update3

update4

在滚动升级的过程中,如果发现了失败或者配置错误,还可以随时会滚回来:

kubectl rolling-update frontend-v1 frontend-v2 --rollback

需要注意的是,rolling-update只针对ReplicationController,不能直接用在deployment上。Deployment可以在spec中设置更新策略为RollingUpdate(默认就是RollingUpdate):

  spec:
    replicas: 3
    selector:
      matchLabels:
        run: nginx-app
    strategy:
      rollingUpdate:
        maxSurge: 1
        maxUnavailable: 1
      type: RollingUpdate

而更新应用的话,就可以直接用kubectl set命令:

kubectl set image deployment/nginx-app nginx-app=nginx:1.9.1

滚动升级的过程可以用rollout命令查看:

$ kubectl rollout status deployment/nginx-app
Waiting for rollout to finish: 2 out of 3 new replicas have been updated...
Waiting for rollout to finish: 2 of 3 updated replicas are available...
Waiting for rollout to finish: 2 of 3 updated replicas are available...
Waiting for rollout to finish: 2 of 3 updated replicas are available...
Waiting for rollout to finish: 2 of 3 updated replicas are available...
Waiting for rollout to finish: 2 of 3 updated replicas are available...
deployment "nginx-app" successfully rolled out

Deployment同样支持回滚:

$ kubectl rollout history deployment/nginx-app
deployments "nginx-app"
REVISION    CHANGE-CAUSE
1        <none>
2        <none>

$ kubernetes kubectl rollout undo deployment/nginx-app
deployment "nginx-app" rolled back
powered by Gitbook 该教程制作时间: 2017-05-16 17:06:56