安装heapster插件

准备镜像

官方镜像保存在 gcr.io 中需要翻墙才能下载,为了方便大家使用,我下载后放到了时速云中,为公有镜像供大家下载。

  • index.tenxcloud.com/jimmy/heapster-amd64:v1.3.0-beta.1
  • index.tenxcloud.com/jimmy/heapster-influxdb-amd64:v1.1.1
  • index.tenxcloud.com/jimmy/heapster-grafana-amd64:v4.0.2

准备YAML文件

heapster release 页面 下载最新版本的 heapster。

wget https://github.com/kubernetes/heapster/archive/v1.3.0.zip
unzip v1.3.0.zip
mv v1.3.0.zip heapster-1.3.0

文件目录: heapster-1.3.0/deploy/kube-config/influxdb

$ cd heapster-1.3.0/deploy/kube-config/influxdb
$ ls *.yaml
grafana-deployment.yaml  grafana-service.yaml  heapster-deployment.yaml  heapster-service.yaml  influxdb-deployment.yaml  influxdb-service.yaml heapster-rbac.yaml

我们自己创建了heapster的rbac配置heapster-rbac.yaml

已经修改好的 yaml 文件见:../manifests/heapster

配置 grafana-deployment

$ diff grafana-deployment.yaml.orig grafana-deployment.yaml
16c16
<         image: gcr.io/google_containers/heapster-grafana-amd64:v4.0.2
---
>         image: sz-pg-oam-docker-hub-001.tendcloud.com/library/heapster-grafana-amd64:v4.0.2
40,41c40,41
<           # value: /api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana/
<           value: /
---
>           value: /api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana/
>           #value: /
  • 如果后续使用 kube-apiserver 或者 kubectl proxy 访问 grafana dashboard,则必须将 GF_SERVER_ROOT_URL 设置为 /api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana/,否则后续访问grafana时访问时提示找不到http://172.20.0.113:8086/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana/api/dashboards/home 页面;

配置 heapster-deployment

$ diff heapster-deployment.yaml.orig heapster-deployment.yaml
16c16
<         image: gcr.io/google_containers/heapster-amd64:v1.3.0-beta.1
---
>         image: sz-pg-oam-docker-hub-001.tendcloud.com/library/heapster-amd64:v1.3.0-beta.1

配置 influxdb-deployment

influxdb 官方建议使用命令行或 HTTP API 接口来查询数据库,从 v1.1.0 版本开始默认关闭 admin UI,将在后续版本中移除 admin UI 插件。

开启镜像中 admin UI的办法如下:先导出镜像中的 influxdb 配置文件,开启 admin 插件后,再将配置文件内容写入 ConfigMap,最后挂载到镜像中,达到覆盖原始配置的目的:

注意:manifests 目录已经提供了 修改后的 ConfigMap 定义文件

$ # 导出镜像中的 influxdb 配置文件
$ docker run --rm --entrypoint 'cat'  -ti lvanneo/heapster-influxdb-amd64:v1.1.1 /etc/config.toml >config.toml.orig
$ cp config.toml.orig config.toml
$ # 修改:启用 admin 接口
$ vim config.toml
$ diff config.toml.orig config.toml
35c35
<   enabled = false
---
>   enabled = true
$ # 将修改后的配置写入到 ConfigMap 对象中
$ kubectl create configmap influxdb-config --from-file=config.toml  -n kube-system
configmap "influxdb-config" created
$ # 将 ConfigMap 中的配置文件挂载到 Pod 中,达到覆盖原始配置的目的
$ diff influxdb-deployment.yaml.orig influxdb-deployment.yaml
16c16
<         image: gcr.io/google_containers/heapster-influxdb-amd64:v1.1.1
---
>         image: sz-pg-oam-docker-hub-001.tendcloud.com/library/heapster-influxdb-amd64:v1.1.1
19a20,21
>         - mountPath: /etc/
>           name: influxdb-config
22a25,27
>       - name: influxdb-config
>         configMap:
>           name: influxdb-config

配置 monitoring-influxdb Service

$ diff influxdb-service.yaml.orig influxdb-service.yaml
12a13
>   type: NodePort
15a17,20
>     name: http
>   - port: 8083
>     targetPort: 8083
>     name: admin
  • 定义端口类型为 NodePort,额外增加了 admin 端口映射,用于后续浏览器访问 influxdb 的 admin UI 界面;

执行所有定义文件

$ pwd
/root/heapster-1.3.0/deploy/kube-config/influxdb
$ ls *.yaml
grafana-service.yaml      heapster-rbac.yaml     influxdb-cm.yaml          influxdb-service.yaml
grafana-deployment.yaml  heapster-deployment.yaml  heapster-service.yaml  influxdb-deployment.yaml
$ kubectl create -f  .
deployment "monitoring-grafana" created
service "monitoring-grafana" created
deployment "heapster" created
serviceaccount "heapster" created
clusterrolebinding "heapster" created
service "heapster" created
configmap "influxdb-config" created
deployment "monitoring-influxdb" created
service "monitoring-influxdb" created

检查执行结果

检查 Deployment

$ kubectl get deployments -n kube-system | grep -E 'heapster|monitoring'
heapster               1         1         1            1           2m
monitoring-grafana     1         1         1            1           2m
monitoring-influxdb    1         1         1            1           2m

检查 Pods

$ kubectl get pods -n kube-system | grep -E 'heapster|monitoring'
heapster-110704576-gpg8v                1/1       Running   0          2m
monitoring-grafana-2861879979-9z89f     1/1       Running   0          2m
monitoring-influxdb-1411048194-lzrpc    1/1       Running   0          2m

检查 kubernets dashboard 界面,看是显示各 Nodes、Pods 的 CPU、内存、负载等利用率曲线图;

dashboard-heapster

访问 grafana

  1. 通过 kube-apiserver 访问:

    获取 monitoring-grafana 服务 URL

     $ kubectl cluster-info
     Kubernetes master is running at https://172.20.0.113:6443
     Heapster is running at https://172.20.0.113:6443/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/heapster
     KubeDNS is running at https://172.20.0.113:6443/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/kube-dns
     kubernetes-dashboard is running at https://172.20.0.113:6443/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/kubernetes-dashboard
     monitoring-grafana is running at https://172.20.0.113:6443/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana
     monitoring-influxdb is running at https://172.20.0.113:6443/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-influxdb
    
     To further debug and diagnose cluster problems, use 'kubectl cluster-info dump'.
    

    浏览器访问 URL: http://172.20.0.113:8080/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana

  2. 通过 kubectl proxy 访问:

    创建代理

     $ kubectl proxy --address='172.20.0.113' --port=8086 --accept-hosts='^*$'
     Starting to serve on 172.20.0.113:8086
    

    浏览器访问 URL:http://172.20.0.113:8086/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-grafana

grafana

访问 influxdb admin UI

获取 influxdb http 8086 映射的 NodePort

$ kubectl get svc -n kube-system|grep influxdb
monitoring-influxdb    10.254.22.46    <nodes>       8086:32299/TCP,8083:30269/TCP   9m

通过 kube-apiserver 的非安全端口访问 influxdb 的 admin UI 界面: http://172.20.0.113:8080/api/v1/proxy/namespaces/kube-system/services/monitoring-influxdb:8083/

在页面的 “Connection Settings” 的 Host 中输入 node IP, Port 中输入 8086 映射的 nodePort 如上面的 32299,点击 “Save” 即可(我的集群中的地址是172.20.0.113:32299):

kubernetes-influxdb-heapster

注意

在安装好 Grafana 之后我们使用的是默认的 template 配置,页面上的 namespace 选择里只有 defaultkube-system,并不是说其他的 namespace 里的指标没有得到监控,只是我们没有在 Grafana 中开启他它们的显示而已。见 Cannot see other namespaces except, kube-system and default #1279

修改grafana模板

将 Templating 中的 namespace 的 Data source 设置为 influxdb-datasource,Refresh 设置为 on Dashboard Load 保存设置,刷新浏览器,即可看到其他 namespace 选项。

参考

使用Heapster获取集群对象的metric数据

powered by Gitbook 该教程制作时间: 2018-01-05 20:58:50